Design of FPGA-based High-order FDTD Method for Room Acoustics

Yiyu Tan; Guanghui Liu; Xin Lu; Peng Chen; Yusuke Tanimura
DAFx-2023 - Copenhagen
Sound field rendering with finite difference time domain (FDTD) method is computation-intensive and memory-intensive. This research investigates an FPGA-based acceleration system for sound field rendering with the high-order FDTD method, in which spatial and temporal blockings are applied to alleviate external memory bandwidth bottleneck and reuse data, respectively. After implemented by using the FPGA card DE10-Pro, the FPGA-based sound field rendering systems outperform the software simulations conducted on a desktop machine with 512 GB DRAMs and a Xeon Gold 6212U processor (24 cores) running at 2.4 GHz by 11 times, 13 times, and 18 times in computing performance in the case of the 2nd-order, 4th-order, and 6th-order FDTD schemes, respectively, even though the FPGA-based sound field rendering systems run at much lower clock frequency and have much smaller on-chip and external memory.