Frequency estimation of the first pinna notch in Head-Related Transfer Functions with a linear anthropometric model

Simone Spagnol; Federico Avanzini
DAFx-2015 - Trondheim
The relation between anthropometric parameters and Head-Related Transfer Function (HRTF) features, especially those due to the pinna, are not fully understood yet. In this paper we apply signal processing techniques to extract the frequencies of the main pinna notches (known as N1 , N2 , and N3 ) in the frontal part of the median plane and build a model relating them to 13 different anthropometric parameters of the pinna, some of which depend on the elevation angle of the sound source. Results show that while the considered anthropometric parameters are not able to approximate with sufficient accuracy neither the N2 nor the N3 frequency, eight of them are sufficient for modeling the frequency of N1 within a psychoacoustically acceptable margin of error. In particular, distances between the ear canal and the outer helix border are the most important parameters for predicting N1 .