On the Challenges of Embedded Real-Time Music Information Retrieval

Domenico Stefani; Luca Turchet
DAFx-2022 - Vienna
Real-time applications of Music Information Retrieval (MIR) have been gaining interest as of recently. However, as deep learning becomes more and more ubiquitous for music analysis tasks, several challenges and limitations need to be overcome to deliver accurate and quick real-time MIR systems. In addition, modern embedded computers offer great potential for compact systems that use MIR algorithms, such as digital musical instruments. However, embedded computing hardware is generally resource constrained, posing additional limitations. In this paper, we identify and discuss the challenges and limitations of embedded real-time MIR. Furthermore, we discuss potential solutions to these challenges, and demonstrate their validity by presenting an embedded real-time classifier of expressive acoustic guitar techniques. The classifier achieved 99.2% accuracy in distinguishing pitched and percussive techniques and a 99.1% average accuracy in distinguishing four distinct percussive techniques with a fifth class for pitched sounds. The full classification task is a considerably more complex learning problem, with our preliminary results reaching only 56.5% accuracy. The results were produced with an average latency of 30.7 ms.