Grey-Box Modelling of Dynamic Range Compression

Alec Wright; Vesa Välimäki
DAFx-2022 - Vienna
This paper explores the digital emulation of analog dynamic range compressors, proposing a grey-box model that uses a combination of traditional signal processing techniques and machine learning. The main idea is to use the structure of a traditional digital compressor in a machine learning framework, so it can be trained end-to-end to create a virtual analog model of a compressor from data. The complexity of the model can be adjusted, allowing a trade-off between the model accuracy and computational cost. The proposed model has interpretable components, so its behaviour can be controlled more readily after training in comparison to a black-box model. The result is a model that achieves similar accuracy to a black-box baseline, whilst requiring less than 10% of the number of operations per sample at runtime.