Delay-free audio coding based on ADPCM and error feedback

Martin Holters; Christian R. Helmrich; Udo Zölzer
DAFx-2008 - Espoo
Real-time bidirectional audio applications, like microphones and monitor speakers in live performances, typically require communication systems with minimum latency. When digital transmission with limited bit rate is desired, this poses tight constraints on the algorithmic delay of the audio coding scheme. We present a delay-free approach employing adaptive differential pulse code modulation (ADPCM) and adaptive spectral shaping of the coding noise. To achieve zero-delay operation, both prediction and quantization logic of the ADPCM structure are realized in a backwardadaptive fashion. Noise shaping is accomplished via two feedback loops around the quantizer for efficient exploitation of the auditory selectivity and masking phenomena, respectively. Due to automatic optimization of the involved parameters, the performance of the proposed system is on par with that of prior low-delay approaches.