Explicit Vector Wave Digital Filter Modeling of Circuits with a Single Bipolar Junction Transistor
The recently developed extension of Wave Digital Filters based on vector wave variables has broadened the class of circuits with linear two-port elements that can be modeled in a modular and explicit fashion in the Wave Digital (WD) domain. In this paper, we apply the vector definition of wave variables to nonlinear twoport elements. In particular, we present two vector WD models of a Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) using characteristic equations derived from an extended Ebers-Moll model. One, implicit, is based on a modified Newton-Raphson method; the other, explicit, is based on a neural network trained in the WD domain and it is shown to allow fully explicit implementation of circuits with a single BJT, which can be executed in real time.