Automatic calibration and equalization of a line array system

Fernando Vidal Wagner; Vesa Välimäki
DAFx-2015 - Trondheim
This paper presents an automated Public Address processing unit, using delay and magnitude response adjustment. The aim is to achieve a flat frequency response and delay adjustment between different physically-placed speakers at the measuring point, which is nowadays usually made manually by the sound technician. The adjustment is obtained using three signal processing operations to the audio signal: time delay adjustment, crossover filtering, and graphic equalization. The automation is in the calculation of different parameter sets: estimation of the time delay, the selection of a suitable crossover frequency, and calculation of the gains for a third-octave graphic equalizer. These automatic methods reduce time and effort in the calibration of line-array PA systems, since only three sine sweeps must be played through the sound system. Measurements have been conducted in an anechoic chamber using a 1:10 scale model of a line array system to verify the functioning of the automatic calibration and equalization methods.