A method for spectrum separation and envelope estimation of the residual in spectrum modeling of musical sound
We propose an original technique for separating the spectrum of the noisy residual component from that of the harmonic, quasideterministic one, and to estimate the envelope of the residual, for the spectrum modeling of musical sounds. The algorithm for spectrum separation relies on nonlinear transformations of the amplitude spectrum of the sampled signal (obtained via FFT), which allow to eliminate the dominant partials without the need for precisely tuned notch filters. The envelope estimation is performed by calculating the energy of the signal in the frequency domain, over a sliding time window. Eventually the residual can be obtained by combining its spectrum and envelope, so that separate processing can be performed on the two.