Deep Learning Conditioned Modeling of Optical Compression

Riccardo Simionato; Stefano Fasciani
DAFx-2022 - Vienna
Deep learning models applied to raw audio are rapidly gaining relevance in modeling audio analog devices. This paper investigates the use of different deep architectures for modeling audio optical compression. The models use as input and produce as output raw audio samples at audio rate, and it works with noor small-input buffers allowing a theoretical real-time and lowlatency implementation. In this study, two compressor parameters, the ratio, and threshold have been included in the modeling process aiming to condition the inference of the trained network. Deep learning architectures are compared to model an all-tube optical mono compressor including feed-forward, recurrent, and encoder-decoder models. The results of this study show that feedforward and long short-term memory architectures present limitations in modeling the triggering phase of the compressor, performing well only on the sustained phase. On the other hand, encoderdecoder models outperform other architectures in replicating the overall compression process, but they overpredict the energy of high-frequency components.