Acoustical Simulations of the Human Vocal Tract Using the 1D and 2D Digital Waveguide Software Model

Jack Mullen; David Howard; Damian Murphy
DAFx-2004 - Naples
This paper details software under development that uses the digital waveguide physical model to represent the sound creation mechanism and environment associated with the production of speech, specifically the human vocal tract. Focus is directed towards a comparison between the existing 1D waveguide method, on which several studies have already been conducted, and the developing 2D waveguide mesh method. The construction of the two models and the application of the tract geometry is examined, in addition, the inclusion of dynamic articulatory variations to increase the ability of such systems to create natural sounding speech is discussed. Results obtained from each suggest that the 2D model is capable of producing similarly accurate vowel spectra to that already accomplished with the 1D version, although speech-like sounds created with the 2D mesh appear to exhibit greater realism.