Parametric Coding of Stereo Audio Based on Principal Component Analysis

Manuel Briand; David Virette; Nadine Martin
DAFx-2006 - Montreal
Low bit rate parametric coding of multichannel audio is mainly based on Binaural Cue Coding (BCC). Another multichannel audio processing method called upmix can also be used to deliver multichannel audio, typically 5.1 signals, at low data rates. More precisely, we focus on existing upmix method based on Principal Component Analysis (PCA). This PCA-based upmix method aims at blindly create a realistic multichannel output signal while BCC scheme aims at perceptually restitute the original multichannel audio signal. PCA-based upmix method and BCC scheme both use spatial parameters extracted from stereo channels to generate auditory events with correct spatial attributes i.e. sound sources positions and spatial impression. In this paper, we expose a multichannel audio model based on PCA which allows a parametric representation of multichannel audio. Considering stereo audio, signals resulting from PCA can be represented as a principal component, corresponding to directional sources, and one remaining signal, corresponding to ambience signals, which are both related to original input with PCA transformation parameters. We apply the analysis results to propose a new parametric coding method of stereo audio based on subband PCA processing. The quantization of spatial and energetic parameters is presented and then associated with a state-of-the-art monophonic coder in order to derive subjective listening test results.