Drum Translation for Timbral and Rhythmic Transformation
Many recent approaches to creative transformations of musical audio have been motivated by the success of raw audio generation models such as WaveNet, in which audio samples are modeled by generative neural networks. This paper describes a generative audio synthesis model for multi-drum translation based on a WaveNet denosing autoencoder architecture. The timbre of an arbitrary source audio input is transformed to sound as if it were played by various percussive instruments while preserving its rhythmic structure. Two evaluations of the transformations are conducted based on the capacity of the model to preserve the rhythmic patterns of the input and the audio quality as it relates to timbre of the target drum domain. The first evaluation measures the rhythmic similarities between the source audio and the corresponding drum translations, and the second provides a numerical analysis of the quality of the synthesised audio. Additionally, a semi- and fully-automatic audio effect has been proposed, in which the user may assist the system by manually labelling source audio segments or use a state-of-the-art automatic drum transcription system prior to drum translation.