Delay Network Architectures for Room and Coupled Space Modeling

Orchisama Das; Jonathan Abel; Elliot K. Canfield-Dafilou
DAFx-2020 - Vienna (virtual)
Feedback delay network reverberators have decay filters associated with each delay line to model the frequency dependent reverberation time (T60) of a space. The decay filters are typically designed such that all delay lines independently produce the same T60 frequency response. However, in real rooms, there are multiple, concurrent T60 responses that depend on the geometry and physical properties of the materials present in the rooms. In this paper, we propose the Grouped Feedback Delay Network (GFDN), where groups of delay lines share different target T60s. We use the GFDN to simulate coupled rooms, where one room is significantly larger than the other. We also simulate rooms with different materials, with unique decay filters associated with each delay line group, designed to represent the T60 characteristics of a particular material. The T60 filters are designed to emulate the materials’ absorption characteristics with minimal computation. We discuss the design of the mixing matrix to control inter- and intra-group mixing, and show how the amount of mixing affects behavior of the room modes. Finally, we discuss the inclusion of air absorption filters on each delay line and physically motivated room resizing techniques with the GFDN.