Passive Admittance Matrix Modeling for Guitar Synthesis

Balázs Bank; Matti Karjalainen
DAFx-2010 - Graz
In physics-based sound synthesis, it is generally possible to incorporate a mechanical or acoustical immittance (admittance or impedance) in the form of a digital filter. Examples include modeling of the termination of a string or a tube. However, when digital filters are fitted to measured immittance data, care has to be taken that the resulting filter corresponds to a passive mechanical or acoustical system, otherwise the stability of the instrument model is at risk. In previous work, we have presented a simple method for designing and realizing inherently passive scalar admittances, by composing the admittance as a linear combination of positive real (PR) functions with nonnegative weights. In this paper the method is extended to multidimensional admittances (admittance matrices). The admittance matrix is synthesized as a sum of PR scalar transfer functions (second-order filters) multiplied by positive semidefinite matrices. For wave-based modeling, such as digital waveguides (DWGs) or wave digital filters (WDFs), the admittance matrix is converted to a reflectance filter. The filter structure is retained during conversion, resulting in a numerically robust implementation. As an example, a dual-polarization guitar string model based on the DWG approach is connected to the reflectance model parameterized from guitar bridge admittance measurements.